The Kuleshov Effect

The Kuleshov effect is a film editing shown by a soviet producer, Lev Kuleshov. He was famous for his montages in the 1910’s and 1920’s. The Kuleshov effect is where someone looking at something is recorded and then the thing that they are looking at is shown as a POV shot. The next shot shows the persons reaction/facial expression. The clip in the middle is just changed to change the way the character is shown. “Hitchcock, in the famous “Definition of Happiness” interview, also explains in detail many types of editing. The final form, which he calls “pure editing”, is explained visually using the Kuleshov effect. In the first version of the example, Hitchcock is squinting, and the audience sees footage of a woman with a baby. The screen then returns to Hitchcock’s face, now smiling. In effect, he is a kind old man. In the second example, the woman and baby are replaced with a woman in a bikini, to which Hitchcock exclaims, “Now look, he has become the dirty old man.”